Database management

DBMS enables users to access the database securely regardless of their location. Thus, they can handle any database-related task promptly without the need for complex access methods or worrying about database security. On top of that, DBMS allows multiple users to collaborate effectively when interacting with the database.

DBMS: Database Management Systems Explained

With the explosion of web and cloud technologies, databases have evolved from traditional relational databases to more advanced types of databases such as NoSQL, columnar, key-value, hierarchical, and distributed databases. Each type has the ability to handle structured, semi-structured, and even unstructured data.

On top of that, databases are continuously handling mission-critical and sensitive data. When this is coupled with compliance requirements and the distributed nature of most data sets, managing databases has become highly complex. As a result, organizations require robust, secure, and user-friendly tools to maintain these databases.

What is a database management system?

A database management system (DBMS) is a software tool that enables users to manage a database easily. It allows users to access and interact with the underlying data in the database. These actions can range from simply querying data to defining database schemas that fundamentally affect the database structure.

Database tasks in a DBMS

  • Configuring authentication and authorization. Easily configure user accounts, define access policies, modify restrictions, and access scopes. These operations allow administrators to limit access to underlying data, control user actions, and manage users in databases.
  • Providing data backups and snapshots. DBMS can simplify the backup process of databases by providing a simpler and straightforward interface to manage backups and snapshots. They can even move these backups to third-party locations such as cloud storage for safekeeping.
  • Performance tuning. DBMS can monitor the performance of databases using integrated tools and enable users to tune databases by creating optimized indexes. It reduces I/O usage to optimize SQL queries, enabling the best performance from the database.
  • Data recovery. In a recovery operation, DBMS provides a recovery platform with the necessary tools to fully or partially restore databases to their previous state—effortlessly.

All these administrative tasks are facilitated using a single management interface. Most modern DBMS support handling multiple database workloads from a centralized DBMS software, even in a distributed database scenario. Furthermore, they allow organizations to have a governable top-down view of all the data, users, groups, locations, etc., in an organized manner.

DBMS system schematic

DBMS system schematic

Main Features of a DBMS

The risk of data duplication in a database is relatively high as multiple users share it simultaneously. Data normalization mitigates this risk and minimizes the chance of destructive anomalies appearing. No data redundancy and repetition save storage and significantly improve access time.

Integrity constraints help organizations prevent accidental damage to the database by authorized users. A database management software allows users to define validation and integrity rules and conditions to ensure data satisfies the semantics.

A backup protects your database against data loss. A copy of files stored in a database must be available to reconstruct data in case data get lost or corrupted. Most DBMS support logical and physical data backup.

A DBMS must allow users to organize information in a database in a clear hierarchical structure. It means all objects, records, and tables can be arranged systematically, like a catalog, so the records can easily be accessed and retrieved.

In addition, you must also look for various features and functionality depending on your use case. For example, a DBMS should offer easy database customization options, support multi-user access, and contain a metadata library.

1- Hierarchical

A hierarchical Data management solution stores data in a parent-children relationship node, each representing a particular entity. This type of database management software allows one-to-one and one-to-many relationships, i.e., a parent node can have one or multiple child nodes, whereas the children node can only have one parent node.

Database management model

2- Network

A network DBMS is a model that supports many-to-many relationships, which helps store real-life relationships between entities. It is an extension of the hierarchical data management soluution that allows modelers to design a more flexible model. In this type of DBMS model, the child nodes are represented by arrows.

network database model

3- Relational

A relational DBMS is a model where relationships are based on the entities’ data. Compared to hierarchical and network models, it offers greater flexibility and allows for more simplified relationships between entities, making it a popular choice among data modelers. Data stored in fixed structures can be organized efficiently using SQL.

relational database model

Figure 3. Example of a Relational Database Model (Source: ResearchGate)

4- Object-Oriented

database management software

Advantages of a Database Management Software

Implementing a DBMS allows onsite and remote users to share the data by following the correct authorization protocols quickly. It helps improve data accessibility, enabling users to share the organizational data swiftly and efficiently.

The improved data processes provide a smart solution to database queries, even the ad-hoc and impromptu ones. It results in accurate and swift data access, facilitating more informed and timely decision-making.

Data security is a vital aspect of a database. A Data management solution only allows authorized users to access the database. The authentication is managed using a username and password. Controlled user access prevents unauthorized users from accessing resources in a database, which can potentially violate the integrity constraints.

A DBMS provides an integrated picture — a bird’s eye view, so to speak — of the operations and processes of an organization. The unified data allows companies to evaluate the controls and performance effectively and quickly.

Data-driven decision-making can give businesses a competitive advantage, but data is valuable for decision-making only when it is reliable. Organizations can ensure data accuracy and quality trusted for analysis and decision-making using a DBMS.

  • Banks: In the banking sector, DBMS is used to store client info, account activities, disbursements, credits, and mortgages
  • Airlines: Flight bookings and scheduling info is stored in databases.
  • Education: Student information, course registrations, and results are accumulated in database systems.
  • Telecommunication: Databases store call archives, monthly bills, retaining balances, and other call-related information.
  • Economics and Finance: DBMS stores data about bonds, transactions, and acquisitions of fiscal instruments, such as shares and stocks.
  • Sales and Marketing: Prospect and customer information is stored and accessed via databases.
  • Human Resources: Records about workers, remunerations, payroll, deduction, generating salaries, and more information are kept in database systems.

Database software collects programs that allow data to be stored, reformed, and extracted from a database. There are several kinds of database management systems (four of the most popular ones are discussed in this blog). The terms hierarchical, relational, object-oriented, and network denote how a database management software organizes data internally.

It can be challenging for data-driven enterprises to operate DBMS requires in-house expertise. Moreover, the cost, size, and performance of a DBMS varies with the organization’s requirements and use cases and should be evaluated accordingly.

IBM AI Foundations for Business

Получаемые навыки: Applied Machine Learning, Communication, Computer Vision, Data Analysis, Data Management, Data Mining, Database Administration, Databases, Deep Learning, Entrepreneurship, General Statistics, Leadership and Management, Machine Learning, Machine Learning Algorithms, Marketing, Probability & Statistics, Regression, Strategy and Operations

What is database management, and why is it important to learn? ‎

Database management is the organization and storage of data so that it can be accessed, maintained, and updated by personnel in an organization. A database management system (DBMS) is the software used to create and administer the database where the data is stored. Database management is important because it enables organizations to use data to fulfill customer needs, support business operations, and provide valuable insights for management.

A relational database management system (RDBMS) can satisfy the database needs of most organizations. Relational databases allow for multiple tables of information to be “related” or connected to each other in an organized and useful way. These databases are created and queried using structured query language (SQL) and form the backbone of operations for banks, airlines, and retailers alike.

Database management can also enable business intelligence applications, which can help organizations better understand their business and guide decision-making. These applications may require the creation of large data warehouses and exploratory data analysis made possible with software platforms such as MySQL. ‎

What kinds of careers can I have with a background in database management? ‎

A database administrator (DBA) manages an organization’s data so that it is accessible to all who need it, as well as keeping it secure from unauthorized access. In addition to database design and cybersecurity, they ensure that the relationships between data remain relevant and that the databases operate efficiently and without errors. As an organization grows, DBAs are also responsible for merging databases, managing the incorporation of new data, and maintaining backups to prevent data loss.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, DBAs have a median salary of $93,750 per year. Job growth in this field is expected to be faster than average for all occupations due to the increasing amount of data that needs to be managed, as well as the growth of cloud-based database management systems. ‎

Can I learn about database management by taking online courses on Coursera? ‎

Yes! Coursera offers a wide range of online courses and Specializations in data science including database management and associated topics like SQL, data warehousing, and cybersecurity. With courses presented by top-ranked institutions and organizations like University of California Davis, the University of Colorado, and IBM, you won’t have to sacrifice the quality of your education for the opportunity to learn online.

Coursera also enables you to take courses that award professional certificates, including IBM Data Science, IBM Cybersecurity Analyst, and Cloud Engineering with Google Cloud. And, with Coursera’s new Guided Projects platform, you can build relational database and SQL skills by completing hands-on tutorials presented by expert instructors. ‎

What skills or experience do I need to already have, before starting to learn database management? ‎

It’s important to develop strong critical thinking, communication, troubleshooting, and analytical skills before starting to learn database management since these are critical skills to have in order to succeed in the field. Creative problem-solving and organizational skills are also important. Experience working within a multidisciplinary team is good preparation for learning database management. Working towards a bachelor’s degree in computer science or closely related skills is also essential. It’s also important to be familiar with SQL and have experience using Excel spreadsheets. ‎

What kinds of people are best suited for roles in database management? ‎

People who are well organized, proactive, and good at multitasking are typically well suited for roles in database management. Managing databases requires being responsible for organizing large amounts of data, which are continuously changing. Taking a proactive approach to responsibilities instead of a reactive approach helps tremendously in these roles to minimize problems that can occur in this field. People who are skilled at effectively managing and using information, seeing patterns in data, and creating short- and long-term plans to complete a project may also be well suited for roles in database management. ‎

How do I know if learning database management is right for me? ‎

If you have a keen interest in technology and software and would like to work in the finance, marketing, or information technology fields, learning database management may be right for you. Those looking for a career field that is likely to continue experiencing job growth well into the future may also find that learning database management is a good move for them. If you enjoy following routines and set procedures, working with data and details more than with ideas, and starting up and carrying out projects, learning database management might be right for you. ‎

Resources:

https://www.bmc.com/blogs/dbms-database-management-systems/
https://www.astera.com/type/blog/database-management-software/
https://www.coursera.org/courses?query=database%20management
Database management

This is a very good solution for small businesses. It includes templates for your database front ends, which include maps, credit card processing, input and query forms, and reports. You can also interface it to well-known apps, such as MailChimp and Dropbox.

Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio

Database Management Careers

BestColleges.com is an advertising-supported site. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site.

If you possess a knack for technology, software, and organization, a career in database management may be a great option. Careers in database management include opportunities in finance, information technology, and marketing.

Read on to learn about working in this field and the overall career outlook and earning potential for popular database management positions. This guide also breaks down degree options and provides tips for launching your database management career.

16 Best Database Management Software & Tools 2022

Storing reference and transaction information in a database makes it easier for all of your business functions to share data and get faster access to it. Find out about the options available to your enterprise when you seek new database management software and tools.

Best Database Management Software

The Database Management System (DBMS) is the software that formats data for storage in databases and gives access to it through data retrieval methods. It is difficult to get an overview of your data through command line SQL. A graphical user interface gives you a much better way of checking the status of your database and managing it properly with better visibility.

If you are starting to look around for software to meet your business needs, you are going to encounter a lot of options that have a database system as their base. Sophisticated interfaces to new database tools make it easier for anyone in the business to create and run a database – you no longer need a specialist database technician or Database Administrator.

Here is our list of the best database management software:

    Leading database management system that features database and query optimization systems. This cloud-based system is great for root cause analysis of database issues with alerting systems that you can set for leaving your database unattended. Start a 14-day free trial.

  1. SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer (FREE TRIAL) A live monitor plus a query optimizer that is also able to produce recommendations on how to tune a database for better response times. This tool uses threshold alerting for database status monitoring and AI techniques for tuning recommendations. Download the 14-day free trial. This package is a database design and creation tool for databases, both relational and NoSQL. It includes a query builder and an optimizer that helps you improve both database structures and queries. Available for Windows, Linux, and macOS. A monitoring system for networks, servers, applications, and websites that includes database monitoring. This is a cloud-based service. This monitoring tool tracks the system usage of DBMSs, their internal performance issues, database structures, SQL performance, and the interaction of the database with other applications. Installs on Windows Server and Linux. A monitoring system for SQL Server that can supervise instances on cloud platforms, on virtualizations, and on Linux as well as Windows. Installs on Windows Server.
  2. Navicat for MySQL A database administration interface that can manage instances in many different locations and organize distributed and replicated databases. Other Navicat versions specialize in Postgres, Oracle, and SQL Server databases.
  3. RazorSQL A useful front end for a range of DBMSs that provides a common query and data management language that gets interpreted into specific RDBMS SQL flavors.
  4. Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio A free tool from Microsoft that makes the administration of SQL Server database easier.
  5. MySQL Workbench A free tool produced by Oracle to help manage and tune MySQL databases.
  6. TeamDesk and online database creator and is aimed at small enterprises that probably don’t have a DBA on staff.
  7. TablePlus A unifying front end for disparate RDBMSs that makes the administration of many different databases a lot easier.
  8. Sequel Pro A free tool that runs on Mac OS and will manage MySQL databases, including those hosted remotely.
  9. phpMyAdmin A free tool to manage MySQL and MariaDB databases for Windows and Linux.
  10. SQLyog A data management tool for MySQL databases on Windows that is useful for organizing replications and backups.
  11. Knack A proprietary RDBMS that is delivered on the SaaS model from the cloud. The database management system interface includes all of the tools needed to monitor, tune, and backup instances.

The Best Database Management Software & Tools

Here we will look at different database front ends that will help you manage your data effectively. The list here contains a range of SQL management tools that are suitable for individuals up to large organizations with dedicated DBAs.

1. Datadog Database Monitoring (FREE TRIAL)

Datadog Database Query Metrics

Datadog Database Monitoring provides monitoring services for all of the services and applications that support your user-facing software and that includes databases. This package is able to link together the interdependencies between services, creating a stack view that reaches all the way down to the server resources that underpin them.

The system is able to provide an overview of all of your databases on all sites and cloud platforms. This gives you an overview of all performance regardless of database management system brand or the location of those databases.

The combination of monitors for all types of infrastructure means that Datadog is able to show you database performance in context. Your database is dependent on other systems and performance problems might not be caused by their internal processes but by underlying resource shortages or access locks.

The highest plan of Datadog Database Monitoring includes a machine learning process that is able to work out what services access which resources and spot when demand is likely to use up full capacity. With this dependency resource requirement, you can head off performance problems before they get bad enough to be noticed by users.

Datadog Database Query Samples

After quickly ruling out external factors as the cause of database performance problems, Datadog also provides database query and database structure optimization tools. Adding or removing indexes could be the answer to your problems and Datadog’s database analysis system quickly shows you how.

Once you are confident that the database is finely tuned, you can leave Datadog to perform ongoing monitoring unattended. A system of thresholds within the monitor will notify you if a performance statistic is bringing in numbers that exceed your requirements for satisfactory operations. Alerts can be forwarded as notifications by email or through apps such as PagerDuty, Jira, Slack, and Webhooks.

Datadog Database Monitoring is a subscription service and there are three editions available. The first of these is Free and it is limited to monitoring five hosts. The two paid plans are Pro and Enterprise, with the higher of these two including machine learning. You can get a 14-day free trial of Datadog Database Monitoring.

EDITOR’S CHOICE

Datadog Database Monitoring is our top pick for a database management system tool because it includes database and query optimization systems as well as monitoring services. This cloud-based platform will give you an overview of all of your databases and then let you examine the performance of each database. The system watches all infrastructure that relates to your databases, making root cause analysis quicker when things go wrong. The Infrastructure system includes an alerting mechanism that lets you leave the package to watch over your databases unattended.

2. SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer (FREE TRIAL)

SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer dashboard screenshot

The database performance monitoring part of the tool is very similar to the typical behavior of a network performance monitor. A network performance monitor tracks a list of attributes and sets thresholds of acceptable status levels. The Database Performance Analyzer applies this strategy to databases.

The benefit of threshold-based monitoring is that the DBA doesn’t have to sit watching the live performance graphs on the screen. Instead, admin staff can assume that everything is OK with the database until otherwise notified. If a status passes a threshold, the Database Performance Monitor raises an alert. That should draw the attention of technical staff back to the tool in order to find out what performance limits are being approached, what caused the problem, and how to head off disaster.

SolarWinds DPA - SQL Server CPU usage view

Selecting Your Database Management Program

  • Does the school stand out for its expertise in database management? Make sure to research your prospective program to find out if it boasts any awards or ranks highly on any "best of" lists.
  • Online or in person? Some students are open to either option, while others only offer one delivery format.
  • Make sure any university under consideration holds regional accreditation. Accreditation can impact students’ ability to receive financial aid, transfer credit, and pursue graduate degrees and certifications.
  • Most learners need to consider program cost and the availability of financial aid and scholarships.
  • How stringent are the admission requirements? Does the school require minimum standardized test scores? Make sure that you qualify for admission before investing the time and money to apply.
  • How long does it take to complete the database management degree? Program length options vary by school, which can impact the cost of your education.

SHOULD YOU GET YOUR DATABASE MANAGEMENT DEGREE ONLINE?

Online education is increasingly common and seen as a respectable way to earn a degree at any level. Earning an online database management degree offers benefits like flexibility, convenience, and affordability. Students who work full time, have family responsibilities, or maintain other personal commitments often prefer to study online.

A database management degree suits the online learning experience especially well. Database management majors who earn their degree online can expedite their grasp of advanced technical skills and increase their comfort level with the digital environment required to succeed in this field. However, some learners seeking a database management degree prefer the traditional structure of an in-person program.

ACCREDITATION FOR DATABASE MANAGEMENT SCHOOLS AND PROGRAMS

Accreditation indicates that a school meets educational standards set by an independent accrediting agency. A school can hold regional or national accreditation. Regionally accredited universities typically hold stronger reputations than nationally accredited colleges.

Accreditation benefits students in several ways. For instance, only students at accredited schools qualify for federal financial aid, and many schools only accept degrees and transfer credits from accredited institutions. Additionally, many professional certifications require an accredited degree.

RANKING DATABASE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS

All of the factors described above can affect a student’s personal rankings of database management programs. The selection process includes in-depth research, questions, and campus visits. Our online rankings are a great place to start the decision-making process.

Resources

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

How long will it take to complete a database management degree?

Program length varies by school and degree level. An associate degree in database management usually takes two years to complete. Full-time students can earn a bachelor’s degree in database management in four years. A typical master’s degree in database management takes two years to complete, and a Ph.D. in database management requires 3-5 years.

How much will I make with a degree in database management?

What kind of jobs can you get with a database management degree?

What degree do I need to be a database administrator?

PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS FOR DATABASE MANAGEMENT

Professional organizations allow database management students and professionals to network with other professionals, stay up to date with the field, and gain access to information and resources. Membership benefits also often include conference discounts, invitations to volunteer, and access to continuing education classes. Below, we describe some of the top database management organizations.

  • Association for Information Science & Technology ASIS&T brings together professionals in fields like information science, computer science, data science, and management. Members receive access to job postings, a member directory, local chapters, and professional resources.
  • CompTIA CompTIA welcomes tech professionals and students. Members gain access to scholarship opportunities, career advice, local chapters, and discounts on CompTIA products. The organization also offers professional certifications, trainings, and events.
  • Enterprise Data Management Council A global association to further best practices and education in data management, the EDM Council offers virtual training, professional resources, and scholarship opportunities for members. The organization also provides access to best practices groups, a document library, and comprehensive eLearning.
  • Data Management International A nonprofit association of professionals in information and data management, DAMA provides a variety of essential professional resources. Members gain access to an exclusive area of DAMA’s website, a job board, a data management professional discussion forum, and discounts on educational materials.

PAYING FOR YOUR DATABASE MANAGEMENT DEGREE

Students can receive help paying for an online database management degree through financial aid opportunities, such as loans, grants, and scholarships. Learn more about financial aid opportunities on the linked page below.

Resources:

https://www.bestcolleges.com/careers/technology/database-management/
https://www.comparitech.com/net-admin/database-management-tools-software/
https://www.computerscience.org/degrees/database-management/
Database management

Testing is the last phase of this project. This is the stage where it shows whether the system and database are working as desired. Otherwise, further rectification is required. Tests have been conducted and recorded below to show the results.

Figure 6.1: Test

Student Database Management System (Computer Project)

An organized and systematic office solution is essential for all universities and organizations. There are many departments of administration for the maintenance of college information and student databases in any institution. All these departments provide various records regarding students. Most of these track records need to maintain information about the students. This information could be the general details like student name, address, performance, attendance etc or specific information related to departments like collection of data.

All the modules in college administration are interdependent. They are maintained manually. So they need to be automated and centralized as, Information from one module will be needed by other modules. For example when a student needs his course completion certificate it needs to check many details about the student like his name, reg number, year of study, exams he attended and many other details. So it needs to contact all the modules that are office, department and examination and result of students.

With that in mind, we overhauled the existing Student Database Management System and made necessary improvement to streamline the processes. Administrators using the system will find that the process of recording and retrieving students information and managing their classes, including marking of attendance, is now a breeze. In general, this project aims to enhance efficiency and at the same time maintain information accurateness. Later in this report, features and improvement that allow achievement to this goal will be demonstrated and highlighted.

Our work is useful for easy user interface. We are planning to uttilize the powerful database management, data retrieval and data manipulation. We will provides more ease for managing the data than manually maintaining in the documents. Our work is useful for saving valuable time and reduces the huge paper work.

Figure 2.1: Project Development Phases

Project management skills are put to good use for this project. Having gone through project management modules in Time Series Analysis, Optimization and with two interns Project Management for Business and IT respectively, they enhanced my knowledge on managing a project. Project management focuses on achieving the objectives by applying five processes presented in Figure.

Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is the most common process adopted to develop a project and not surprisingly, this project is following this model too. To be precise, waterfall model is being applied. Waterfall model is a sequential model process where the input of a phase actually results from the previous phase.

Figure 3.1: SDLC Phases

There are five phases in this model and the first phase is the planning stage. The planning stage determines the objectives of the project and whether the project should be given the green light to proceed. This is where the proposal submission comes into picture. After obtaining the approval, the next phase is analysis. Gathering and analysing the system and user requirements is essential for entry to the design step.

Figure 3.2: Comparison of web servers

After deciding on the scripting language and database, next is to select the web server that can support them. Web server is necessary for the delivery of web content to the web browser. As such, Apache HTTP server which has performance similar with other ’high-performance’ server is considered.

Thereafter, research and actual testing have been performed to see the outcome of the various servers listed in the Figure below. These servers include PHP and MySQL in their installation packages thus allowing smoother and simpler download process. However, based on the performance and interface, Wamp or LAMP server is the preferred choice.

In order to provide a clearer picture of the functionality provided by the student management module, we have done a use case analysis. Figure below is a use case diagram to present the functionality in the student management module.

Figure 4.1: use case analysis

Under the existing student management module, the administrator has to first register the family. This includes the parent’s particulars and home details. After submitting these data, the administrator will be directed to the student page whereby the student information is to be submitted. Figure below provides the interface of the existing student registration site. For easy navigation, the registration of the student and enrolment to the class has been combined into one process.

The Best Database Management Software & Tools

Here we will look at different database front ends that will help you manage your data effectively. The list here contains a range of SQL management tools that are suitable for individuals up to large organizations with dedicated DBAs.

1. Datadog Database Monitoring (FREE TRIAL)

Datadog Database Query Metrics

Datadog Database Monitoring provides monitoring services for all of the services and applications that support your user-facing software and that includes databases. This package is able to link together the interdependencies between services, creating a stack view that reaches all the way down to the server resources that underpin them.

The system is able to provide an overview of all of your databases on all sites and cloud platforms. This gives you an overview of all performance regardless of database management system brand or the location of those databases.

The combination of monitors for all types of infrastructure means that Datadog is able to show you database performance in context. Your database is dependent on other systems and performance problems might not be caused by their internal processes but by underlying resource shortages or access locks.

The highest plan of Datadog Database Monitoring includes a machine learning process that is able to work out what services access which resources and spot when demand is likely to use up full capacity. With this dependency resource requirement, you can head off performance problems before they get bad enough to be noticed by users.

Datadog Database Query Samples

After quickly ruling out external factors as the cause of database performance problems, Datadog also provides database query and database structure optimization tools. Adding or removing indexes could be the answer to your problems and Datadog’s database analysis system quickly shows you how.

Once you are confident that the database is finely tuned, you can leave Datadog to perform ongoing monitoring unattended. A system of thresholds within the monitor will notify you if a performance statistic is bringing in numbers that exceed your requirements for satisfactory operations. Alerts can be forwarded as notifications by email or through apps such as PagerDuty, Jira, Slack, and Webhooks.

Datadog Database Monitoring is a subscription service and there are three editions available. The first of these is Free and it is limited to monitoring five hosts. The two paid plans are Pro and Enterprise, with the higher of these two including machine learning. You can get a 14-day free trial of Datadog Database Monitoring.

EDITOR’S CHOICE

Datadog Database Monitoring is our top pick for a database management system tool because it includes database and query optimization systems as well as monitoring services. This cloud-based platform will give you an overview of all of your databases and then let you examine the performance of each database. The system watches all infrastructure that relates to your databases, making root cause analysis quicker when things go wrong. The Infrastructure system includes an alerting mechanism that lets you leave the package to watch over your databases unattended.

2. SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer (FREE TRIAL)

SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer dashboard screenshot

The database performance monitoring part of the tool is very similar to the typical behavior of a network performance monitor. A network performance monitor tracks a list of attributes and sets thresholds of acceptable status levels. The Database Performance Analyzer applies this strategy to databases.

The benefit of threshold-based monitoring is that the DBA doesn’t have to sit watching the live performance graphs on the screen. Instead, admin staff can assume that everything is OK with the database until otherwise notified. If a status passes a threshold, the Database Performance Monitor raises an alert. That should draw the attention of technical staff back to the tool in order to find out what performance limits are being approached, what caused the problem, and how to head off disaster.

SolarWinds DPA - SQL Server CPU usage view

Polyglot Persistence

Polyglot Persistence is a spin-off of “polyglot programming,” a concept developed in 2006 by Neal Ford. The original idea promoted applications be written using a mix of languages, with the understanding that a specific language may solve a certain kind of problem easily, while another language would have difficulties. Different languages are suitable for tackling different problems.

Many NoSQL systems run on nodes and large clusters. This allows for significant scalability and redundant backups of data on each node. Using different technologies at each node supports a philosophy of polyglot persistence. This means “storing” data on multiple technologies with the understanding certain technologies will solve one kind of problem easily, while others will not. An application communicating with different database management technologies uses each for the best fit in achieving the end goal.

Resources:

https://projectabstracts.com/6933/student-database-management-system.html
https://www.comparitech.com/net-admin/database-management-tools-software/
https://www.dataversity.net/brief-history-database-management/